Every teacher has lessons that could be enhanced or refreshed using technology. Teachers have to consider the benefits of using technology and decide if the benefits are worthwhile. Rogers (2004) refers to this decision as seeing the “relative advantage” of using a new method.
The Technology Integration Planning Model – TIP (Robyler, 2006) is designed to help teachers, especially those new to technology, plan for effective classroom uses of technology.
The model consists of 5 phases:
- Relative Advantage – Deciding on instructional problems and if a technology-based solution would be better than other ways of addressing the problems.
- Objectives and Assessments – Stating desired outcomes in terms of better student achievement, attitudes, and performance; matching appropriate assessment strategies to each outcome.
- Integration Strategies – Deciding on teaching activities that incorporate technology resources to enhance student learning.
- Instructional Environment – Deciding on resources and conditions to put into place to support the activities.
- Evaluation and Revision – Collecting achievement data to determine if the activities were successful in meeting outcomes, and what could be improved next time.